This post is part of our Scriptural Calendar Series.
This article intends to establish with scriptures an understanding of day versus night. As with everything concerning God where this world is concerned, it needs building through his words and not the knowledge put forward through the channels of this world.
The common understanding of a day is:
- a 24-hour day
- daytime (the bright portion of the 24-hour cycle)
The common understanding of a night is:
- nighttime (the dark portion of the 24-hour cycle)
Establishing an understanding
One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.Deuteronomy 19:15 (KJV)
Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.1 Thessalonians 5:21 (KJV)
What do the scriptures have to say?
The biblical understanding of day and night can be seen in the following references.
And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.Genesis 1:16 (KJV)
7. To him that made great lights: for his mercy endureth for ever:Psalms 136:7-9 (KJV)
8. The sun to rule by day: for his mercy endureth for ever:
9. The moon and stars to rule by night: for his mercy endureth for ever.
The sun will not smite you by day, Nor the moon by night.Psalms 121:6 (KJV)
These passages show that the lights created, the sun, moon and stars rule the day and night. The sun ruling the day and moon and stars the night. This information establishes the split between the day and night and the light which rules each period.
And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.Genesis 1:5 (KJV)
This verse establishes two meaning of the word day. The same Hebrew word, יוֹם (yôwm), is used both to signify the light of the day and the evening and morning combined.
This verse has a deeper meaning of Day and Night; however, as often with the scriptures, it is still valid in this context as the words establish all points.
Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world.John 11:9 (KJV)
Outside the timing of the daytime, we see here that the bright portion of the 24-hour cycle is considered the day where you can see when you are walking.
38. Then Jesus turned, and saw them following, and saith unto them, What seek ye? They said unto him, Rabbi, (which is to say, being interpreted, Master,) where dwellest thou?John 1:38-39 (KJV)
39. He saith unto them, Come and see. They came and saw where he dwelt, and abode with him that day: for it was about the tenth hour.
1. And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him.Mark 16:1-2 (KJV)
2. And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.
Here we see that the morning is the day and the early morning was at the rising of the sun.
In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.Matthew 28:1 (KJV)
Here again, we see that the dawn, which comes before sunrise, is approaching the day. This fact further establishes that the day is the light part of the day-night cycle.
Thou shalt not be afraid for the terror by night; nor for the arrow that flieth by day;Psalms 91:5 (KJV)
12. Then spake Joshua to the LORD in the day when the LORD delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon.Joshua 10:12-14 (KJV)
13. And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.
14. And there was no day like that before it or after it, that the LORD hearkened unto the voice of a man: for the LORD fought for Israel.
Battles are fought in the light and through Joshua’s desire to destroy the enemy is requested of GOD to stop the sun and the moon from moving so that night would not approach the battle before the enemy was destroyed.
6. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the light shall not be clear, nor dark:Zechariah 14:6-8 (KJV)
7. But it shall be one day which shall be known to the LORD, not day, nor night: but it shall come to pass, that at evening time it shall be light.
8. And it shall be in that day, that living waters shall go out from Jerusalem; half of them toward the former sea, and half of them toward the hinder sea: in summer and in winter shall it be.
This prophecy shows that at a point in time in the future where at the evening (night) it shall be light, showing the reversal of the established nighttime.
The witnesses provided shows that the light part of the 24-hour cycle is the day, and the dark part is the night. In some instances, the day reference is for the entire 24-hour period, however, when the context refers to a portion of the day, then the light part is the day and the dark part is the night.